Osteoarthritis: How to treat or prevent it?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects millions of people around the world. It is the most common form of arthritis and is characterized by the wearing down of cartilage in the joints, causing pain, stiffness and limitation of movement. In this blog post, we will explore how to treat and prevent osteoarthritis, using information backed by reliable sources.

Diagnosis and treatment

Early and accurate diagnosis of osteoarthritis is essential for effective treatment. If you experience symptoms such as joint pain, stiffness, or inflammation, it is important to seek medical attention. A doctor will evaluate your symptoms, perform a physical examination, and in some cases may order additional tests, such as X-rays or MRIs, to confirm the diagnosis.

Osteoarthritis treatment is based on a multidisciplinary approach that may include:

Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, or compounds such as glucosamine and chondroitin, building blocks of cartilage (the tough tissue that protects joints), can relieve mild to moderate pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may also be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation.

Physical therapy: A physical therapist can design a specific exercise program to strengthen the muscles around affected joints and improve mobility.

Non-drug treatments The application of heat or cold, the use of orthopedic devices such as splints or supports, and occupational therapy can provide relief and improve function.

Osteoarthritis prevention

Although osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease, there are measures that can be taken to prevent it or slow its progression. Here are some recommended strategies:

Maintain a healthy weight: Excess weight puts additional pressure on your joints, increasing your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Maintaining an adequate weight can reduce the load on the joints and reduce the risk of developing the disease.

Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity helps strengthen muscles and maintain joint flexibility. Low-impact exercises, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, are especially beneficial for people prone to osteoarthritis.

Avoid joint injuries: Taking steps to prevent joint injuries can reduce the risk of developing osteoarthritis. This includes the use of appropriate protective equipment during sports or high-impact physical activities.

Sources used for this section include:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): www.cdc.gov


Arthritis Foundation: www.arthritis.org


Mayo Clinic: www.mayoclinic.org

https://www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/drugs-supplements-glucosamine/art-20362874#:~:text=The%20glucosamine%20es%20un%20compounded,is%20produced%20in%20un%20laboratory .

1 comment

Can you elaborate on the potential long-term effects of using medications like acetaminophen, NSAIDs, and compounds such as glucosamine and chondroitin for managing osteoarthritis? Tel U

Teknik Telekomunikasi November 02, 2023

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